Why do hernias occur?

There are several causes of a hernia. Some of the occurrences are predominantly affiliated to:

  1. Weakness in the connective tissues or the muscles due to disruption in the natural cycle of the body resulting in tissue breakdown and subsequent repair
  2. Increase in pressure in the weakened area or increased strain on the area

The occurrences seem pretty simple but can have rather complex consequences. Hernias occur due to the different situations that can induce pressure or muscle weakness in the body.

Weakening of the muscles

Proteins called enzymes are present in all living cells. These are responsible for keeping the body healthy and nourished. The body constantly builds up and breaks down tissues. As the individual ages, the enzymes lose the capacity to control this natural process. When the body loses the capacity to undergo its cycle, weak spots tend to evolve in the muscles and tissues especially in the groin area.

Even as the weak spots have developed, any strain or pressure on the abdominal wall can cause a hernia to develop. Coughing, heavy lifting, vomiting is all inclined to cause a hernia. This pressure forces the bowel (part of the intestine) or fatty tissue to go through the weak spot. A bulge forms, which can be felt under the skin. It may or may not be painful.

There are two main forms of hernia acquired and congenital.

Acquired ??? When the muscles or connective tissues of the body breakdown or are weakened during your lifetime, it is called acquired hernia.
Congenital ??? Congenital hernia is present during birth. It may lie undiagnosed for weeks, months or years. But later in life, it slowly develops due to resultant weakness present at birth.

The most common type of hernia

Hernia of the abdominal wall is the most common type of hernia. The abdomen consists of the stomach and the intestines, which are held together in the abdomen by the wall of tissue and muscle. This abdominal wall starts at the ribcage and ends at the groin. When these tissues are weakened or damaged, then the individual is at a high risk of developing a hernia. The weakest part of the abdominal wall is the groin where most hernias occur.

Risk factors

A hernia can form at any age and to any individual. Male, female, young, old are all susceptible to hernias. You are at a higher risk if you are a male with a natural weakness in the groin area and are over 35 years of age. Being overweight and lifting of heavy objects are also some of the causes of a hernia.