Congenital weakness in the abdominal wall since birth can be attributed to the cause of a hernia. It may also develop over a period in the weakened muscle areas of the portion of the tissue in the body. Most hernias occur in between the rib cage and the groin.
Where the cause of a hernia cannot be defined it clearly results from increased intra abdominal pressure.
Pregnant women, obese and overweight individuals are susceptible to develop hernias. Umbilical hernias are present at birth. Even adults can develop an umbilical hernia if there is weakness in the umbilical area that is again combined with pressure on the abdominal wall.
In the end, all hernias are caused due to combination factors of weakness in the fascia and pressure applied, which pushes the organ through the opening.
Common causes of a hernia
- Premature birth
- A previous hernia ??? individuals may have developed hernia on one side can develop one on the other side also
- Injury ??? if there has been previous trauma to the abdomen
- Family history of a hernia
- Prior surgery leaving a weakness in the area due to incomplete healing
- Large incisions of a surgery can create a weak spot in the area
Other causes of increased intra-abdominal pressure that can lead to the formation of a hernia include-
- Strenuous lifting of heavy objects ??? these include other activities such as muscle strains, pulling and twisting
- Heavy physical activity
- Prostatic hypertrophy
- Lung conditions resulting in chronic cough
- Cough from smoking
- Cystic fibrosis ??? a genetic condition that can cause coughing increasing internal pressure
- ??Peritoneal dialysis done to treat kidney failure
- Tumors in the abdomen
- Obesity and overweight body conditions
- Diarrhoea or Constipation ??? strain in bowel movement
- Strain during urination
- Vigorous exercising
- Ascites ??? characterized by an increase of fluid in the peritoneal cavity. When the fluid accumulates, so does the pressure on the abdominal cavity.
- Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome ??? This condition is a genetic disorder. It occurs due to decreased collagen and weakens connective tissues leading to areas of protrusion.
Hernias can be unsightly, can lead to life-threatening complications but are a very common ailment.